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More Modem Commands
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More Modem Commands

The Hayes Command Set

This file concludes with a listing of the Basic and Extended Hayes Command Set.. It begins with an explanation of what these command sets are. The modem initialization string consists of a series of commands. It prepares the modem for communications, setting such features as dialing mode, waits, detection of the busy signal and many other settings. Newer modem communications programs reset the initializations string for you according to which menu options you select, which features you enable. For many years Hayes modems have been the standard in modems. As the field of modem manufactures has grown, most have adhered at least loosely to the Hayes standard. The following is a partial list of the Hayes command set. (called the AT commands). The Hayes Command Set can be divided into three groups:
Basic Command Set
A capital character followed by a digit. For example, M1.
Extended Command Set
An "&" (ampersand) and a capital character followed by a digit. This is an extension of the basic command set. For example, "&M1". Note that "M1" is different from "&M1".
Register Commands
Sr=n where "r" is the number of the register to be changed and "n" is the new value that is being assigned.
A "register" is computer talk for a specific physical location in memory. Modem have small amounts of memory on-board. This third set of commands is used to enter values in a particular register (memory location). The register will be storing a particular "variable" (alpha-numeric information) which is utilized by the modem and communication software. For example, S7=60 instructs your computer to " Set register #7 to the value 60."

Here are some of the most important characters that may appear in the modem initialization string. These characters normally should not be changed.

AT
tells the modem that modem commands follow. This must begin each line of commands.
Z
resets the modem to default state
~ (tilde)
makes your software pause for half a second. You can use more than one ~ in a row. For example, "~~~~" tells the software to pause two seconds.
^M
sends the terminating Carriage Return character to the modem. This is a control code that most communication software translate as a "carriage return."

Ask your modem

Seriously, nothing knows better than your modem which commands it accepts and how it interprets them. These commands are stored in your modems ROM (Read Only Memory) and you can ask your modem to list them. In fact, the list of commands concluding this file is what my USR 14, 400 Sportster gave to me. Here are some of the Help Commands included in the Command Set:
AT$
HELP, Command Quick Reference (CTRL-S to Stop, CTRL-C to Cancel)
&$
HELP, Ampersand Commands
D$
HELP, Dial Commands
S$
HELP, S Registers
AT&$
HELP, Ampersand Commands

The Basic Hayes Command Set - Alphabetical

AT$
HELP, Command Quick Reference (CTRL-S to Stop, CTRL-C to Cancel)
&$
HELP, Ampersand Commands
A/
Repeat last executed command. Use primarily to re-dial, AT nor [Rtrn] required
AT
Required Command mode prefix (Attention Modem)
A
Answer Call
Bn
n=0 V32 Mode/CCITT ans Seq
n=1 Bell Answer Seq
n=2 Verbose/Quiet On Answer
Dn
Dial a Telephone Number
n=0..9#*TPR,;"W@!()-
DL
Dial Last Phone Number
DSn
Dial Stored Phone Number
D$
HELP, Dial Commands
En
n=0 No Command Echo
n=1 Echo Command Chars
Fn
n=0 Online Echo
n=1 No Online Echo
Hn
n=0 On Hook (Hang Up)
n=1 Off Hook
In
n=0 Product Code
n=1 Checksum
n=2 RAM Test
n=4 Current Settings
n=5 NVRAM Settings
n=6 Link Diagnostics
n=7 Product Configuration
Ln
n=0 Low Speaker Volume
n=1 Low Speaker Volume
n=2 Med Speaker Volume
n=3 Hi Speaker Volume
Mn
n=0 Speaker Off
n=1 Speaker OnUntil CD
n=2 Speaker Always On
n=3 Speaker Off During Dial
On
n=0 Return Online
n=1 Return Online & Retrain
P
Pulse Dial
Qn
n=0 Result Codes Sent
n=1 Quiet (No Result Codes)
Sr=n
Sets Register "r" to "n"
Sr?
Query Register "r"
S$
HELP, S Registers
T
Tone Dial
Vn
n=0 Numeric Responses
n=1 Verbal Responses
Xn
n=0 Basic Result Codes
n=1 Extended Result Codes
n=2-4 Advanced Result Codes
Yn
Select power on/reset default configuration
n=0 Next reset to &W0 settings
n=1 Next reset to &W1 settings
Zn
Reset modem based on current DIP switch settings
n=0 Dipswitch #7 determines reset
n=1 Reset to &W0 settings
n=2 Reset to &W1 settings
n=3 Reset to &F0 settings
n=4 Reset to &1 settings
n=5 Reset to &F2 settings
+++
Escape Code

The Extended Hayes Command Set (Ampersand Commands )

AT&$
HELP, Ampersand Commands
&An
n=0 Disable /ARQ Result Codes
n=1 Enable /ARQ Result Codes
n=2 Enable /Modulation Codes
n=3 Enable /Extra Result Codes
&Bn
n=0 Floating DTE Speed
n=1 Fixed DTE Speed
n=2 DTE Speed Fixed When ARQ
&Cn
n=0 CD Always On
n=1 Modem Controls CD
&Dn
n=0 Ignore DTR
n=1 On-Line Command Mode
n=2 DTE Controls DTR
&Fn
n=0 Load Factory 0, no FC
n=1 Load Factory 1, HW FC
n=2 Load Factory 2, SW FC
&Gn
n=0 No Guard Tone
n=1 550 Hz Guard Tone
n=2 1800 Hz Guard Tone
&Hn
n=0 Disable TX Flow Control
n=1 CTS
n=2 Xon/Xoff
n=3 CTS and Xon/Xoff
&In
n=0 Disable RX Flow Control
n=1 Xon/Xoff
n=2 Xon/Xoff Chars Filtered
n=3 HP Enq/Ack Host Mode
n=4 HP Enq/Ack Terminal Mode
n=5 Xon/Xoff for non-ARQ Mode
&Kn
n=0 Disable Data Compression
n=1 Auto Data Compression
n=2 Enable Data Compression
n=3 Selective Data Compression
&Mn
n=0 Normal Mode
n=4 ARQ/Normal Mode
n=5 ARQ Mode
&Nn
n=0 Highest Link Speed
n=1 300 bps
n=2 1200 bps
n=3 2400 bps
n=4 4800 bps
n=5 7200 bps
n=6 9600 bps
n=7 12000 bps
n=8 14400 bps
&Pn
n=0 N.American Pulse Dial
n=1 UK Pulse Dial
&Rn
n=1 Ignore RTS
n=2 RX to DTE/RTS high
&Sn
n=0 DSR Always On
n=1 Modem Controls DSR
&Tn
n=0 End Test
n=1 Analog Loopback (ALB)
n=3 Digital Loopback (DLB)
n=4 Grant Remote DLB
n=5 Deny Remote DLB
n=6 Remote Digital Loopback
n=7 Remote DLBWith Self Test
n=8 ALB With Self Test
&Wn
n=0 Store Configuration 0
n=1 Store Configuration 1
&Yn
n=0 Destructive
n=1 Destructive/Expedited
n=2 Nondest./Expedited
n=3 Nondest./Unexpedited
&Zn=s
Store Phone Number
&Zn?
Query Phone Number

Do You Know Something We Should Know?

If you have a command which 1) We don't have listed. 2) Which does something differently on your modem , then we would really like to here from you! Please send mail to userhelp. Please include how to contact you, the modem you are using, and the software.

 


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