I visited Toronto in 2001, 2007, 2008, 2016, and 2017. This is such a vast city that it is mpossible to see any more than a small fraction of it during any one visit. I will add more photographs to this page after additional visits to Canada's largest city.

The Architectural Index for Ontario does not include any photographs, but it does include numerous citations to published architectural information about Toronto-area buildings.


Bloor Street United Church

Church of the Redeemer

First Evangelical Lutheran Church

This house of worship was erected in 1898 by German immigrants to the Toronto area.

Heliconian Club

This building was formerly the Olivet Congregational Church, built in 1876.

Jarvis Street Baptist Church


Metropolitan United Church #1

Formerly Methodist, this Church was constructed between 1870 and 1872. The architect was Henry Langley. It represents the High Victorian Gothic Style. The interior was significantly reconstructed after a major fire in 1928.

Metropolitan United Church #2

St. Andrew's Church (former)

Formerly Presbyterian, this Church was dedicated in 1878. The architects were Langley & Burke. It is presently called Grace Toronto Church.

St. Andrew's Church (current)

This is the current building of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church.

St. George's (Greek Orthodox)Church

Note the mural of the eponymous Saint over the front entrance.

St. James (Anglican) Cathderal

This church was built between 1849 and 1853. The architect was William Cumberland.

St. Michael's (Roman Catholic) Cathedral

Construction of this building occurred between 1845 and 1848, with some later additions. The architect was William Thomas. It is the principle church of Canada's largest English-speaking Catholic diocese.

St. Patrick's (Roman Catholic) Church


St. Stephen-in-the-Fields (Anglican) Church

This church was built in 1858, and rebuilt after a major fire in 1865. The original architect was Thomas Fuller; the reconstruction was overseen by Robert Denison. It is located in the Kensington Market area.

Historic Buildings

Fairmont Royal York Hotel

This building was originally constructed between 1927 and 1929.

Gooderham Building

Commonly known as the flatiron buildings, it was built in 1892. The architect was David Roberts, Jr. It is located on Front Street at Wellington.

Monetary Times building

Built in 1931, the Monetary Times Building is currently home to the civil engineering department at Ryerson University. The architect was J. A. Thatcher. The facade includes some Art Deco elements.

"Narrow" Building

This building was constructed in 1901.

Old City Hall

This building was constructed between 1889 and 1899. It was desgned by Edward James Lennox, and it reflects the Romanesque Revival style.

Publics Building

This is an example of a former industrial/factory building that has been converted into office space.

St. Lawrence Market

This building was originally constructed in 1844 as the City Hall; it was significantly demolished in 1901. The architect was Henry Bowyer Lane. Today it is used as a massive farmer's market.

Sterling Bank of Canada

Built in 1918, this former bank building now houses a pizza restaurant. The Sterling Bank of Canada was ultimately absorbed by the CIBC.

Whitney Block


Yonge Street "Castle"

I know nothing of its history, but I think that this is a very cool looking building.

Number 3 Firehall

This is a wonderful example of how commercial buildings evolve and adapt. Constructed in 1870, this building was the local fire station. In 1978, it housed the St. Charles Tavern. The clock tower is the only part of the original structure still remaining.

Commercial Building #1

While the street-level facade has been altered, the upper stories are probably original.

Commercial Building #2

Again, the uper part of the building is comparartively unchanged, despite rennovations to the street-level.

Commercial Building #3

This building was very probably constructed as a residence, with the shop a later addition.

Commercial Building #4

This interesting old building is located in the Entertainment District.

Osgoode Hall

The East Wing of this building was originally constructed between 1829 and 1832. There have been numerous later additions and rennovations.

Ontario Legislature

Construction of the main block this Romanesque Revival structure was finished in 1892. The architect was American Richard Waite.

Modern Buildings

Bank of Montreal Building

Located at the corner of Queen and Yonge streets, this building is an excellent example of how a historic building can be retained and incorporated into a modern building. The interior of the original bank building retains the beautiful vaulted ceilings.

Old into New

This Downtown building also incorporates the facade of a heritage building into a modern structure.

City Hall

The architect was Viljo Revell. It was constructed in the 1960s.

Archway #1

Archways are an underutilized architectural feature.

Archway #2

More buildings should make use of them.

Glass Bridge


(Former) Archives of Ontario Building


OCAD University Sharp Centre for Design #1

This nearly indescribable structure was completed in 2004. It stands above OCAD U's main campus building on 12 multi-coloured steel legs.

OCAD University Sharp Centre for Design #2

It was designed by British architect Will Alsop, in partnership with Toronto-based Robbie/Young + Wright Architects Inc.

Royal Ontario Museum

This modern extentsion to the venerable museum building was constructed in 2007. The architect was Daniel Libeskind.

Xerox Building


Houses, Apartments, and Condos

Annex #1


Annex #2


Duplex #1


Duplex #2


Duplex #3


Duplex #4

Note the small architectural details like the arched windows on the ground floor and the woodwork on the balcony.

Round Balconies





Toronto Reference Library

This is one of two main, central libraries in the Toronto Public Library system (the other is located in North York). The building opened in 1977.

Toronto Reference Library -- Interior

This is a rare interior view of the Toronto Reference Library.

Ryerson University Library


Yorkville Public Library

This building is the oldest in the Toronto Public Library system. It was constructed in 1907.

University of Toronto

Robarts Library

This building is fondly called "Fort Book" by some of the staff that work there.

88 College Street

Constructed ca. 1891, this structure used to be the Zion Congregational church. It is now home to the Joint Centre for Bioethics.

Knox College #1

This is a Presbyterian seminary; it also provides housing for graduate students in other programs. The original building was built in 1873, and the architects were Smith and Gemmell.

Knox College #2


University of Toronto Law School


Unidentified Campus Building

I think that this building is science-related. I really like the two-layer look to the design.


Light Well

This is an otherwise undistinguished building, but I really like the design of the light well.

Sam The Record Man

The iconic facade of the famous store on Yonge Street. Unfortunately, it had closed just a short time before my first visit to Toronto.

View from the CN Tower

As of July 2001

Great Wall of China

I find this store display to be very clever.

Unidentified Building #1


This page is part of my Canadian Architectural Photographs collection.

Please direct all comments, suggestions, and additions to me at jhd@interbaun.com.

Last Modified: February 25, 2018